Project management methodology (PMM): Difference between revisions

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* Ability to take risk
* Ability to take risk
* Flexibility for change
* Flexibility for change


The following is an overview of a few different PMM that hopefully inspires curiosity to learn more. Please contribute additional PMM or other examples to the '''[[DLF Project Managers Toolkit]]'''.
The following is an overview of a few different PMM that hopefully inspires curiosity to learn more. Please contribute additional PMM or other examples to the '''[[DLF Project Managers Toolkit]]'''.


[[File:Waterfall.png|100px||left|Waterfall PMM]]waterfall (software development)
 
[[File:Waterfall.png|200px|left]] waterfall (software development)
* detailed linear process of tasks in sequential order
* detailed linear process of tasks in sequential order
* project flows downward like waterfall
* project flows downward like waterfall
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critical path method (CPM) (industry)
[[File:CPM.png|350px|left]] critical path method (CPM) (industry)
* identify and schedule tasks, duration and dependencies
* identify and schedule tasks, duration and dependencies
* good for tight timelines and repetitive activities
* good for tight timelines and repetitive activities
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* not flexible if there are major changes
* not flexible if there are major changes


[[File:Agile.png|thumb|100px||Agile approach is iterative]]
 
agile (software development)
[[File:Agile.png|150px|left]] Agile (software development)
* reaction to waterfall method http://agilemanifesto.org/   
* reaction to waterfall method http://agilemanifesto.org/   
* "early and often, adjust and iterate"  
* "early and often, adjust and iterate"  
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* not focused on comprehensive documentation
* not focused on comprehensive documentation


There are many agile approaches including scrum, kanban, feature-driven development, and extreme programming.


scrum (software development)
 
* small, cross functional teams
There are many agile approaches including Scrum, Kanban, feature-driven development, and extreme programming (XP).
* short sprints
 
* regular "stand-up" meeting
 
[[File:Scrum.png|350px|left]] Scrum (software development)
* focus on continuous improvement https://scrumguides.org/scrum-guide.html
* small, cross-functional teams
* work is organized in iterations
* daily "stand-up" meetings
* retrospectives after each sprint
* retrospectives after each sprint
* focus on continual optimization and improvements
* harder to do with fixed budgets and timelines
* harder to do with fixed budgets and timelines
* self-managing teams can have issues with scope creep
* self-managing teams can have issues with scope creep


kanban (industry)
 
* billboard in Japanese
[[File:Kanban.png|300px|left]] Kanban (industry)
* focus on flow https://kanbanguides.org/english/
* ''billboard'' in Japanese
* simple, clear framework
* simple, clear framework
* visualize workflow and tasks
* visualize workflow and tasks
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* not detailed "at-a-glance"
* not detailed "at-a-glance"
* not if complex, lots of steps in the process
* not if complex, lots of steps in the process


hybrid/structured agile
hybrid/structured agile
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* best for medium-sized project with high complexity and fixed budgets
* best for medium-sized project with high complexity and fixed budgets


[[File:SixSigma.png|200px|left]]
Lean Six Sigma (industry)
Lean Six Sigma (industry)
* Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve, Control
* define, measure, analyze, improve, control
* cut waste and maximize efficiency
* cut waste and maximize efficiency
* quality management, continuous improvement
* quality management, continuous improvement
* measuring > analyzing > improving
* measuring > analyzing > improving
* large organizations or efficiency is an issue
* large organizations or efficiency is an issue


Integrated Project Management (IPM)
Integrated Project Management (IPM)
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* accountability
* accountability
* time for planning
* time for planning


PRiSM Projects Integrating Sustainable Methods
PRiSM Projects Integrating Sustainable Methods
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* factors in environmental costs and sustainability is key success criteria
* factors in environmental costs and sustainability is key success criteria
* mostly geared to real estate and industrial projects
* mostly geared to real estate and industrial projects


Approaches also worth noting:
Approaches also worth noting:
* Human-centered design - creative approach to problem solving with three phases: inspiration, ideation, implementation; start with people in mind, try it out and test with people in an iterative process.
* Human-centered design - creative approach to problem solving with three phases: inspiration, ideation, implementation; start with people in mind, try it out and test with people in an iterative process.
* Participatory decision-making - creative approach to enabling the entire group ownership and participation in decisions. It includes an emphasis on facilitation and concensus-building.
* Participatory decision-making - creative approach to enabling the entire group ownership and participation in decisions. It includes an emphasis on facilitation and consensus-building.
* Participatory Action Research (PAR) is an approach to research emphasizing co-creation, participation, and action by members of communities affected by the research.
* Participatory Action Research (PAR) is an approach to research emphasizing co-creation, participation, and action by members of communities affected by the research.


== References ==
== References ==
There are lots of great articles, presentations and grey lit out there on project management and digital libraries. We've created a Zotero Group library at https://www.zotero.org/groups/2205688/dlf_pmg? and encourage you to add more when you read something good.
There are lots of great articles, presentations and grey lit out there on project management and digital libraries. We've created a Zotero Group library at https://www.zotero.org/groups/2205688/dlf_pmg? and encourage you to add more when you read something good.

Latest revision as of 15:47, 8 July 2022

Project management methodology (PMM) is a system of principles, techniques, and procedures.

Factors in choosing a PM Method

  • Project goals, objectives, and complexity
  • Team - size, level of experience/training, location - remote/on-site, specialization of roles
  • Timeline
  • Budget
  • Stakeholder expectations
  • Values/organizational culture
  • Ability to take risk
  • Flexibility for change


The following is an overview of a few different PMM that hopefully inspires curiosity to learn more. Please contribute additional PMM or other examples to the DLF Project Managers Toolkit.


Waterfall.png

waterfall (software development)

  • detailed linear process of tasks in sequential order
  • project flows downward like waterfall
  • comprehensive, predictable and planned out
  • focus on documentation
  • good for large projects with multiple stakeholders
  • not flexible, if assumptions are wrong, hard to pivot


CPM.png

critical path method (CPM) (industry)

  • identify and schedule tasks, duration and dependencies
  • good for tight timelines and repetitive activities
  • not good if unsure of timelines, durations for tasks
  • not flexible if there are major changes


Agile.png

Agile (software development)

  • reaction to waterfall method http://agilemanifesto.org/
  • "early and often, adjust and iterate"
  • flexible and responsive to change
  • stakeholders must stay engaged and be available to provide timely feedback
  • not always fast in practice if constantly changing deliverables
  • not focused on comprehensive documentation


There are many agile approaches including Scrum, Kanban, feature-driven development, and extreme programming (XP).


Scrum.png

Scrum (software development)

  • focus on continuous improvement https://scrumguides.org/scrum-guide.html
  • small, cross-functional teams
  • work is organized in iterations
  • daily "stand-up" meetings
  • retrospectives after each sprint
  • harder to do with fixed budgets and timelines
  • self-managing teams can have issues with scope creep


Kanban.png

Kanban (industry)

  • focus on flow https://kanbanguides.org/english/
  • billboard in Japanese
  • simple, clear framework
  • visualize workflow and tasks
  • large and small teams, remote or in person
  • not detailed "at-a-glance"
  • not if complex, lots of steps in the process


hybrid/structured agile

  • combine waterfall and agile methods
  • focus on gathering and analyzing requirements then rapid iterations
  • best of both worlds - structure and flexibility
  • best for medium-sized project with high complexity and fixed budgets


SixSigma.png

Lean Six Sigma (industry)

  • define, measure, analyze, improve, control
  • cut waste and maximize efficiency
  • quality management, continuous improvement
  • measuring > analyzing > improving
  • large organizations or efficiency is an issue


Integrated Project Management (IPM)

  • focus on documents like project charter, plan, execution, monitoring and change control
  • meet regularly as team
  • accountability
  • time for planning


PRiSM Projects Integrating Sustainable Methods

  • developed by Green Project Management Global
  • account and minimize adverse environmental impacts
  • extends beyond the end of the project
  • factors in environmental costs and sustainability is key success criteria
  • mostly geared to real estate and industrial projects


Approaches also worth noting:

  • Human-centered design - creative approach to problem solving with three phases: inspiration, ideation, implementation; start with people in mind, try it out and test with people in an iterative process.
  • Participatory decision-making - creative approach to enabling the entire group ownership and participation in decisions. It includes an emphasis on facilitation and consensus-building.
  • Participatory Action Research (PAR) is an approach to research emphasizing co-creation, participation, and action by members of communities affected by the research.


References

There are lots of great articles, presentations and grey lit out there on project management and digital libraries. We've created a Zotero Group library at https://www.zotero.org/groups/2205688/dlf_pmg? and encourage you to add more when you read something good.