Project Management Basics: Difference between revisions

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    This section reviews a few of the basic building blocks for the other sections of the toolkit.  Please contribute additional project management fundamentals or other examples to the '''[[DLF Project Managers Toolkit]]'''.  
This section reviews a few of the basic building blocks for the other sections of the toolkit.  Please contribute additional project management fundamentals or other examples to the '''[[DLF Project Managers Toolkit]]'''.  


[[File:ProjectBasics.png|thumb|right]]
[[File:ProjectBasics.png|thumb|right]]
   
   
A '''project''' must have a defined objective (product, service, result) with a start and a finish.  Projects should not be confused with ongoing work.
A '''PROJECT''' must have a defined objective (product, service, result) with a start and a finish.  Projects should not be confused with ongoing work.


Project Management is the application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques to carry out a project.   
'''PROJECT MANAGEMENT''' is the application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques to carry out a project.   


A '''project manager''' oversees the project life cycle from planning, scheduling, executing, monitoring and controlling, and closing.  There should only be one project manager in a project.  Important characteristics for project managers are to be knowledgeable, performance-driven, and an effective communicator.
A '''PROJECT MANAGER''' oversees the project life cycle from planning, scheduling, executing, monitoring and controlling, and closing.  There should only be one project manager in a project.  Important characteristics for project managers are to be knowledgeable, performance-driven, and an effective communicator.


[[File:ProjectPhases.png|thumb|right]]
[[File:ProjectPhases.png|thumb|right]]


'''Project phases''' include initiation, planning, implementation, and closing.
'''PROJECT PHASES''' include initiation, planning, implementation, and closing.


There are different factors or constraints to monitor and control in a project.  Commonly known as the '''triple constraint''', the scope, time, and cost are managed and adjust in a project. Quality and risk should also be considered.  
There are different factors or constraints to monitor and control in a project.  Commonly known as the '''TRIPLE CONSTRAINT''', the scope, time, and cost are managed and adjust in a project. Quality and risk should also be considered.  


[[File:TripleConstraint.png|thumb|right]]
[[File:TripleConstraint.png|thumb|right]]


Project Management provides a framework and best practices for projects.
Project Management provides a framework and best practices for projects. For example, the following formula can be used to estimate the time of a task.
Example: The following formula can be used to estimate the time of a task.


'''Three-Point Estimate'''
'''Three-Point Estimate'''
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     Duration = (D(o) + 4D(r) + D(p)) / 6
     Duration = (D(o) + 4D(r) + D(p)) / 6


Critical to the success of any project is communication.  Before beginning a project, consider the frequency (weekly, monthly, quarterly) and methods of communication (email, im, in-person; frequency of meeting).  A communication plan should include the who, what, when, where, why & how. See the '''[[Project Templates]]''' of the '''[[DLF Project Managers Toolkit]]
Critical to the success of any project is communication.  Before beginning a project, consider the frequency (weekly, monthly, quarterly) and methods of communication (email, im, in-person; frequency of meeting).  A communication plan should include the who, what, when, where, why & how. See the '''[[Project Templates]]''' of the '''[[DLF Project Managers Toolkit]]''' for an example of a communication plan.
''' for an example of a communication plan.


== References ==
== References ==


Project Management Institute. 2018. A guide to the project management body of knowledge: (PMBOK® guide). Newtown Square, Pennsylvania, USA: Project Management Institute.
Project Management Institute. 2018. A guide to the project management body of knowledge: (PMBOK® guide). Newtown Square, Pennsylvania, USA: Project Management Institute.

Revision as of 11:40, 12 October 2018

This section reviews a few of the basic building blocks for the other sections of the toolkit. Please contribute additional project management fundamentals or other examples to the DLF Project Managers Toolkit.

ProjectBasics.png

A PROJECT must have a defined objective (product, service, result) with a start and a finish. Projects should not be confused with ongoing work.

PROJECT MANAGEMENT is the application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques to carry out a project.

A PROJECT MANAGER oversees the project life cycle from planning, scheduling, executing, monitoring and controlling, and closing. There should only be one project manager in a project. Important characteristics for project managers are to be knowledgeable, performance-driven, and an effective communicator.

ProjectPhases.png

PROJECT PHASES include initiation, planning, implementation, and closing.

There are different factors or constraints to monitor and control in a project. Commonly known as the TRIPLE CONSTRAINT, the scope, time, and cost are managed and adjust in a project. Quality and risk should also be considered.

TripleConstraint.png

Project Management provides a framework and best practices for projects. For example, the following formula can be used to estimate the time of a task.

Three-Point Estimate

   Determine:
   -optimistic value, D(o)
   -pessimistic value, D(p)
   -realistic value, D(r)
   Then:
   Duration = (D(o) + 4D(r) + D(p)) / 6

Critical to the success of any project is communication. Before beginning a project, consider the frequency (weekly, monthly, quarterly) and methods of communication (email, im, in-person; frequency of meeting). A communication plan should include the who, what, when, where, why & how. See the Project Templates of the DLF Project Managers Toolkit for an example of a communication plan.

References

Project Management Institute. 2018. A guide to the project management body of knowledge: (PMBOK® guide). Newtown Square, Pennsylvania, USA: Project Management Institute.